Understanding the Types of NBN Connections

Do you know what type of NBN you have?

The type of NBN Connection you have can also play a role in the quality and speed of your NBN Internet experience. Let’s look at each type and explain the differences.

  • FTTH / FTTP – Fibre To The Home / Fibre To The Premises: This was the originally planned mode of NBN delivery to be used for most premises not serviced via Cable Internet.  It is fibre optic cable, all the way from the telephone exchange that services your area, to your house or business premises.  This is the fastest form of internet connection possible today in both latency and highest possible speeds.
  • HFC – Hybrid Fibre Coaxial: This technology is basically an upgraded Cable Internet service.  Cable Internet was already able to achieve reasonably high download speeds, however upload speeds were very limited in comparison.  However now that the NBN is used to connect to the Cable TV Coax, both download and upload speeds will be the same as FTTH NBN.
  • FTTN – Fibre To The Node: This technology involves having fibre optic cable run from the telephone exchange to a big box (node) at the end of your street (or close to it), from there the NBN uses the same old copper phone lines you’ve always used for phone and internet.  This form of delivery limits the maximum speed able to be achieved, and also has a much higher latency.  The maximum speed achievable is also affected by the distance you are from the node you are connected to, that being, the further away you are, the slower your connection will be.
  • FTTC – Fibre To The Curb: In direct response to the inherent problems with the FTTN technology, all new NBN rollouts will now be FTTC.  One of the biggest and most expensive problems with FTTH rollouts was the last leg, from the telecom pit on the footpath outside your house, to the wall socket inside your house.  FTTC reduces this cost by running fibre optic cable from the telephone exchange, to the telecom pit outside your house, and then continuing to use the copper phone line from the telecom pit on the footpath to your house to.  The same technology is used inside your house as that which the FTTN technology uses.

Understanding NBN Speeds

Here is a quick walk through of NBN speeds with some idea of what they will cope with: 12Mbps Down, 1Mbps Up This is really the absolute bare basic speed, and while it’s faster than a good old POTS modem, it’s barely (or sometimes not) faster than an aDSL1 internet connection (The first version of […]

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